What is aphasia?

  • A language disorder
  • Caused by damage to the brain – usually from a stroke or a brain injury
  • Can affect speaking, listening, reading, and writing
  • Each person with aphasia is unique and has different strengths and weaknesses
  • In addition to language changes, cognitive abilities such as attention, memory, organization, and planning may be affected

What aphasia is not:

  • Aphasia is NOT a GENERAL intellectual impairment
  • Aphasia is NOT slurred speech (this is called dysarthria)

What is language?

  • Your “dictionary” of words
  • Rules to combine words
  • Located in your brain

tree branches showing the types of aphasia from aphasia.org