Expanding Global Rehabilitation Services through International Academic-Community Partnerships
More than one billion people worldwide live with a disability, yet rehabilitation professionals are scarce in low- and middle-income countries. Attempts to expand access to rehabilitation services have encountered barriers on multiple levels: limited resources on the systemic level, hierarchies on the professional level, and cultural stigma on the community level. We sought to determine if an academic-community partnership could overcome multiple levels of barriers to expand services for people with disabilities.
Alheresh, R. and Cahn, P.S., 2020. Expanding Global Rehabilitation Services through International Academic-Community Partnerships. Annals of Global Health, 86(1), p.71. http://doi.org/10.5334/aogh.2876
Participation patterns and determinants of participation of young children with cerebral palsy
Understanding participation patterns of young children with cerebral palsy (CP) will enable occupational therapists to tailor family- and child-centred services. This study compares participation patterns and participation barriers of young children with CP with those of typically developing (TD) children. In addition, effect of age and gender on participation were examined as well as child-related determinants of participation for young children with CP.
Saadi A, Al-Rousan T, AlHeresh R. Refugee Mental Health—An Urgent Call for Research and Action. JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e212543. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.2543
Sustainable support solutions for community-based rehabilitation workers in refugee camps: piloting telehealth acceptability and implementation
The lack of training and education of Community-Based Rehabilitation (CBR) workers poses one of the most significant barriers to receiving effective occupational, physical and speech therapy for individuals with disabilities in Low-to-Middle Income Countries (LMIC), especially in countries with significant refugee populations. The aim of this study was to successfully implement a telehealth support system for CBR workers, evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of this intervention’s implementation among CBR workers in the CBR setting, and further identify strategies to address the deficit of skilled rehabilitation workers in LMIC through technological intervention.
Bria Mitchell-Gillespie, B., Hashim, H., Griffin, M., and AlHeresh, R., 2020. Sustainable support solutions for community-based rehabilitation workers in refugee camps: piloting telehealth acceptability and implementation. Globalization and Health, 16:82 https://doi.org/10.3390/disabilities1040031
Predicting Depression among Jordanian Adults with Disabilities According to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health: A Pilot Study
Individuals with disabilities face marginalization in society and are more likely to experience depression compared to the general population. Despite this, the health system in Jordan is not adequately equipped to screen for or manage depression as a comorbid condition. This study fills in gaps concerning the prevalence of depression and its correlates among Jordanian adults with a physical disability. Professionals in Jordan, including rehab specialists, have a role in both screening for and preventing depression, and this study acts as a point of reference for these professionals.
Griffin M, Mitchell-Gillespie B, Hashim H, AlHeresh R. Predicting Depression among Jordanian Adults with Disabilities According to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health: A Pilot Study. Disabilities. 2021; 1(4):450-458. https://doi.org/10.3390/disabilities1040031
Epidemiology of Cardiovascular Disease and its Risk Factors among Refugees and Asylum Seekers: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
A social determinant of health, migration, if forced, impacts health negatively in refugees and asylum seekers for several disease outcomes. This is the first systematic review and meta-analysis assessing cardiovascular disease incidence and risk factors among refugees and asylum seekers.
Al-Rousan, T., AlHeresh, R., Saadi, A., El-Sabrout, H., Young, M., Benmarhnia, T., Han, B. H., & Alshawabkeh, L. (2022). Epidemiology of cardiovascular disease and its risk factors among refugees and asylum seekers: Systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Cardiology Cardiovascular Risk and Prevention, 12, 200126. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcrp.2022.200126
Community-based Mental Health for Refugees: A Qualitative Study to Inform Intervention Development
Refugees face significantly worse mental health outcomes compared to the general population within their host country. While there is a strong need for refugee-specific mental health programs, very few exist within the United States. Utilizing Community-based Participatory Research methods, a community-based mental health intervention for refugees is under development. This study shared the in-development intervention with refugees, holding a series of three focus groups to gain feedback on the intervention content and determine acceptability.
Hillegass, S. (OTD '22), & AlHeresh, R. (2022). Community-based mental health for refugees: A qualitative study to inform intervention development. 2022 North American Refugee Health Conference, Cleveland, Ohio.
Migration and Cognitive Health Disparities: The Arab American and Refugee Case
This study investigates whether year of arrival to the U.S. and birthplace relate to post-migration cognitive difficulties among foreign- and U.S.-born Arab Americans in later life.
Al-Rousan, T., Kamalyan, L., Bernstein Sideman, A., Miller, B., AlHeresh, R., Moore, A., Marquine, M. J., Argeros, G., & Ajrouch, K. J. (2022). Migration and Cognitive Health Disparities: The Arab American and R efugee Case. The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences, gbac129. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gbac129